5 Key Takeaways on the Road to Dominating Garages
How to Make Your Parking Garage Durable
Buildings are investments in the future. There are many considerations to make when building a parking garage while it is still being designed because the life of your parking garage depends on it. Here are the tips for designing your parking garage so that it will stand the test of time.
Details matter when you are designing and constructing something, so you should choose a designer that has focus on thoroughness and attention to detail. If you want your concrete parking garage to have a long life span then you need a carefully detailed design structure that addresses serviceability concerns. Engaging your design team in the construction is important and you should also include the provisions of the international building code for structural tests and special inspections to ensure the evaluation of the work for compliance with the design intent.
If your concrete garage is precast, there will sometimes be joints and exposed steel connections. To reduce opportunities for deterioration make sure that they are properly detailed and constructed. All exposed steel connections and embedded plates should be hot-dipped galvanized, at a minimum.
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With cast in place, post tensioned concrete structure, encapsulated tendons are used and a concrete mix design is proportioned for durability.
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If you increase the protective concrete cover over the embedded reinforcing steel, then it is another easy way of achieving improved durability. 2 inches of thickness is recommended for surfaces which are exposed to de-icing chemicals and other harsh elements. With increased cover, the black mild steel reinforcement is recommended, but with less cover it is epoxy coated reinforcement.
You should not allow electrical conduit to be embedded in the cast in place concrete portions of a structure. There have been parking garages that were embedded with electrical conduit that were severely damaged when the conduit had corroded and expanded, and it had caused delamination and spalling.
To increase the lifespan of a parking structure, one has to follow the minimum floor slope for positive drainage. This reduces the potential leaching of contaminated water into the concrete and causing corrosion of mild reinforcing steel, prestressed strands, or post tensioned tendons.
Maintenance and parking garage cleaning should not be neglected. If you want to extend the life of your garage structure then you need to remove harmful elements brought into the garage before they can cause damage, touching up galvanized coating on exposed steel connections, and repairing joint seals and sealants that have failed.
The garage design that does not need a surface applied traffic coating is the design that will ensure durability. Traffic coating is the option to use for extending the life of a garage that lacks the best practices for durable design. Reducing energy can be done by using traffic coating.